A blacksmith was someone who worked with iron.
There are several aspects to smithing:
- Bending: Heating metal to a highly ductile state and then using the forge to bend the metal.
- Drawing: Lengthening a metal by reducing one or both of the other dimensions.
- Finishing: The process of putting the finishing touches on a metal piece. Painting, varnishing, bluing, browning, oil, and wax.
- Punching: Using a chisel to create a decorative pattern, or a whole.
- Upsetting: Shortening a metal by lengthening one or both of the other dimensions.
- Welding: The process of joining to pieces of metal together.
- Plasticine: Some metals will lose all tensile strength when they are heated, though they are vulnerable to cracking and breaking apart.
- Anvil: The base on which metal is shaped.
- Chisel: A tool used in punching and finishing the metal.
- Forge: The heating unit.
- Hammer: Tool for shaping the metal.